Essays / The Pontifical Papers


AYO SOGUNRO PRESENLike most Nigerians of my age, I’ve never really been a big fan of economic theory. The subject seems so complicated, so diverse and, often, so violent. It astonished me for a long time that revolutions could rise and governments could fall on economic theories. Yet, as I would grow to understand, economics is a very real and functional aspect of individual human activity.

I think of my own economic development in three stages. My first stage was one of indifference. I was introduced to the subject in the form a secondary school course “Economics” whose periods I dreaded partly because the teacher had a fine habit of sending students out to kneel under the noonday sun on the slightest provocation and partly because, no matter how hard I tried, my brain always had some difficulty distinguishing between the supply curve and the demand curve. At that stage, economics was not my concern. It was, instead, the business of the teacher who seemed more willing to flog us than to carry us along. As I had a healthy aversion to being flogged, I simply did with economics what she advised that we do with economics, that is, to shut up and listen to her teach it.

I managed to pick a few words and phrases, from those sweaty and tiring classes: ceteris paribus, equilibrium, and that, like university students at a weekend party, some things go high while some things go low. I also learnt that when it came to the task of educating young West African students on arcane academic theories, both supply and demand were lacking.

My second stage of economic development was a matter of survival. I was in university then and I had the challenging task of managing my rather scarce monthly allowance against the unlimited wants that were the social and academic life of the University of Lagos. Since I could not satisfy all my wants and remain honest, I was forced to draw up a budget using a scale of preference, and I learnt how to borrow reasonably against my allowance from home. Although I use these economic terminologies now, the truth is economics was the last thing on my mind then. I was just trying to get along without disgracing my family and myself.

This second stage is usually enough economic development for people with access to family wealth—and people who lack a sense of shame. They can build a reasonable life by collecting rents or handouts. Depending on your ethical philosophy, you could consider this as either a good or a bad lifestyle. But, I would say it is bad if that lifestyle is dependent on looting other people.

Luckily (or unluckily) for me, I moved to a third stage of economic development. This was the stage where my income was tied to my ability to be of use — that is, my productivity. In any case, I had little choice in this matter. My parents had already stopped giving me money as soon as I was enrolled into national service. Years after this, I would also learn that my productivity was not a fixed quality; it could increase or reduce with the bonus that the higher my productivity, the more likely my earnings.

Today, I am still not a fan of poring over economic theories, but I have come to understand that individual economic development is tied to individual productivity.

Which is why it alarms me when it seems that our political leaders cannot seem to grasp this simple fact when it comes to the national economy. To our political leaders, economic policy is an issue of revenue generation for the government: if Nigeria produced 2.5m barrels of oil per day in 2015, how can we make it 2.7 in 2016?

But I think of national economic policy this way: If Ada, the tailor, sewed two hundred dresses in 2015, what can the government do to enable her to sew 250 dresses in 2016? If John, the agro-trader, sold fifty baskets of mangoes in 2015, what can the government do to enable him to sell 70 baskets in 2016?

This is because the growth of a national economy is tied to the capacity of individual citizens to increase their production. Economic growth is not, as the president suggested in Riyadh last week, tied to the capacity of the government to generate more money from agriculture or mining. Really, this is just the equivalent of school students on an allowance thinking up new ways to squeeze their parents for money. Yes, government revenue (and the Almighty Federal Budget) may be tied to this type of increment—but that is merely Stage 2 economic development.

What would be quite pleasant is for President Buhari to demonstrate his familiarity with the workings of a productive economy by defining productivity beyond rent-collecting terms—more taxes, more oil, more agriculture, more mining—and by actually initiating policies that ease the cost of doing business, delivering services and conducting trade. For example, by: connecting trading communities, identifying and reducing administrative roadblocks, and reducing government control of productive resources.

More importantly, the government has to carry Nigerians along right to the grassroots level.

If increasing the production of Nigerians is the overall economic goal, then communicating this process to Nigerians is very important. Yet, it seems President Buhari doesn’t understand that he owes Nigerians—not other Africans, Americans, Arabs, Europeans,or just Ms Adeosun and Mr Emefiele—some communication. He may not necessarily owe us an explanation for the state of the economy—the economy and the naira had already started its downward turn under the Jonathan administration—but he owes all Nigerians communication on his economic goals: do we have a six-month plan? Do we have a 10-year plan? Do we have any plan?

And if there is a plan, can we understand it, debate it and participate fully in its execution? Why is there an unnecessary aura of secrecy around fundamental national issues? What is it with this odd style of presidential-only economics?

But, I fear President Buhari is quite like my secondary school Economics teacher: charged with the handling of the subject but lacking in the ability to carry the students along. Maybe, the solution is a regression to economic stage one: indifference.

That is, shut up and watch the president do economics.

Originally published here in my weekly column for Sunday Punch.

Follow @ayosogunro on twitter for (probably) more engagement, buy my books, and—if you really like stimulating, if sometimes annoying—very annoying—thoughts on socio-legal philosophy—enter your email in the right sidebar to get notifications of talk on this fine blog.


2 thoughts on “[Sunday Punch] A NOTE ON PRESIDENTIAL-ONLY ECONOMICS| by Ayo Sogunro

  1. I entirely agree with Ayo’s analysis and share the same sentiments. I cannot for the life of me understand why the President has so far failed to clearly articulate unambiguously his govt’s fiscal policy;and how he intends to stabilise and grow the economy. As unfortunate we are given the impression that he appears to be groping in the dark. The tragedy of it all to my way of thinking is that there appears to be no one in his cabinet who is eminently qualified in his or her capacity as a renowned economist able to help educate the public on the government’s overall econonic plan if any.It seems that such a role has been assigned to the VP-a legal expert by training- and sadly he has clearly demonstrated that the subject is beyond his competency.I dare say that the VP and his immediate boss are frightfully out of their depth any time one reads or hears any pronouncements on their so called diagnosis of the problem and the intended solution. Invariably it is always about the blame game targetted at the previous government. Maybe true, but these excuses will no longer suffice.The APC govt was overwhelmingly elected to effect the CHANGES.What is somewhat puzzling and indeed sometimes galling is the President’s penchant for making major policy statements outside of Nigeria, during his sojourns abroad. Is there any wonder that there is a disconnect between the citizenry and the government? The Minister of Information in exasperation is currently wailing that Nigerians are not reacting strongly enough to the humongous and utterly disgraceful amounts being bandied around as stolen by individuals in the previous dispensation.In response all we can say is that the hapless subjects under this dispensation have simply no idea of what the Buhari govt’s policies are on any number of socio-economic issues: which under normal circumstances usually frame social transformation concerns of most developing countries such as ours.This APC led government must of necessity sit up, buckle up and move at a much faster pace.Enough of this doddery.The tragedy of it all is that Nigeria my country is not short of first class minds,persons of consumate integrity and scholarship, who if properly harnessed and charged with the responsibility of turning the economy round, without introducing any anachronistic and chauvinistic considerations including personal sentiments whatsoever into the equation should help get us out of the current mess in which we are mired.The president must convene and seek to constitute a formidable small group of world class seasoned Nigerian economic advisers as a matter of some grave urgency.They know what to DO.The emphasis here is on DOING-ie the implementation-not a talkshop.There is a fund of knowledge and sufficient information on various Reports on which they can make practical recommendations for immediate implementation. We need to do. We are in the era of the knowledge economy needed to drive the service economy.Over to you Mr President.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Pingback: A Short History of the Cruel and Terrible Second Regime of Muhammadu Buhari | by Ayo Sogunro | Ayo Sogunro

What is your comment?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.